After being lectured on DNA and simple biology I was caught on the idea of amino acids and how they function in our bodies. In stores you will see essential amino acids supplements and BCAA supplements. I would always see these products and never knew exactly what they meant and the importance that came with them. In this article I want to explore that importance and the relation it has with our DNA and how amino acids function in our bodies.
To start things off their are 20 different amino acids that make up thousands of proteins in our body. 9 out of those 20 amino acids are considered to be essential amino acids and are in a branched train. This is where the term BCAA comes from. While researching and being lectured on amino acids and how they are crucial to us and our DNA I wanted to find a study or experiment and sure enough I found one. In this study weightlifters took 20 grams of either whey protein or 20 grams of a BCAA supplement.
This study took place at the Univirstity of Sterling. It mainly showed that BCAA supplemets do stimulate the main muslce building process but, there are other supplements that are way more effective like whey protein. To break this down to a more evolutionary or biological sense would be to talk about protein synthesis.
In protein synthesis our amino acids are being used as building blocks for certain proteins. One thing to note here is that amino acids are not made during protein synthesis. During protein synthesis it is divided up into two processes transcription and translation. During transcription genetic intuscitons are transferred from DNA to mRNA in the nucleus. During translation the genetic code in mRNA is read and used to make a protein. Both of these processes are summed up the central dogma of biology. To relate this to BCAA and supplements there is one thing that they do. They are supposed to increase the chance and process of protein synthesis.